Nutritional content in Infant fomula

Besides breast milk, infant formula is the only other infant milk which the medical community considers nutritionally acceptable for infants under the age of one year. Cow's milk is not recommended because of its high protein and electrolyte (salt) content which may put a strain on an infant's immature kidneys. Evaporated milk, although perhaps easier to digest due to the processing of the protein, is still nutritionally inadequate.

Most of the world's supply of infant formula is produced in the United States. The nutrient content is regulated by the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) based on recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Nutrition. The following must be included in all formulas produced in the U.S.:

* Protein
* Fat
* Linoleic acid
* Vitamins: A, C, D, E, K, thiamin (B1), riboflavin (B2), B6, B12
* Niacin
* Folic acid
* Pantothenic acid
* Calcium
* Metals: magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese, copper
* Phosphorus
* Iodine
* Sodium chloride
* Potassium chloride

In addition, formulas not made with cow's milk must include:

* Biotin
* Choline
* Inositol

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